Opioids-What They Are and How They Work
What are Opiods? Opioids are psychoactive drugs that come from the opium poppy. They are typically used to treat pain because they are successful in reducing the intensity of the pain signals that travel to the brain. They help to get rid of the pain stimulus in the brain.
Opioids can include but are not limited to Percocet, OxyContin, and codeine. Others include morphine and hydrocodone. What are Opiods used for? Opioids are the most commonly used medications prescribed by doctors to treat their patients. They are commonly used after surgery, serious injuries, and dental treatments. Opioids will help to alleviate severe or moderate pain caused by many different ailments including severe diarrhea or even a bad cough.
Opioids are not habit-forming if taken as prescribed but patients taking opioids can develop a tolerance to them and may have to have their dosage increased in order to help treat their pain. Opioids can become addicting if they are taken for a prolonged duration of time.
Opioids affect the brain in different ways. They attach to the opioid receptors in order to reduce the ability of these certain receptors to feel pain. Opioids can cause the person taking them to feel more relaxed. Long-term usage of opioids can actually cause effects to last for a long amount of time. These effects influence the way that the brain perceives pain. This could cause the brain to completely stop the production of endorphins which is the body’s way of defending against pain.
Opioids affect the body in many different ways. They are used to reduce the amount of pain that a person feels but they can have various side effects. These side effects can include vomiting, the frequent urge to urinate, nausea, and a lowered body temperature. The effect that opioids have on a person can depend on the person and how long and how often the opioids are taken. They can cause constipation, depressed cough reflexes, fluid retention, flushing in the skin, and bladder spasms. They can also cause miosis, an increased risk for infections, and even mood swings.
It is possible to become dependent on opioids when they are taken for a long period of time. This can lead to dependence both psychologically and physically. If someone has certain symptoms it could be an indication that they are dependent on opioids. These symptoms can include having a craving for opioids, finding it difficult to control opiod use, the level of usage, or the amount of drug use. Withdrawals when not using, increased tolerance to the drug, excessive time spent trying to get opioids, and getting problems with usage suvch as financial issues or issueds with the law.
Opioids are great for managing pain and if taken correctly they will not cause any issues. However if not taken properly opioid dependence is a real concern. They cannot be taken without the risk of addiction or dependence and it is important to follow the guidelines of the prescribing medical professional.
If opioid addiction occurs, there is treatment available. Opioids such as morphine, and codeine can become highly addictive and anyone who takes them can become dependent. Depending on the severity of the addiction, it can be dangerous to quit opioid usage “cold turkey” due to withdrawal symptoms. In this case it is necessary to get medical care and constant monitoring to ensure that withdrawal is successful.
Symptoms of withdrawal can include anxiety, bone pain, muscle aches, yawning, insomnia, sweating and increased tear production. Having a runny nose, vomiting, goose bumps, nausea, cramping, diarrhea, and dilated pupils are also symptoms of withdrawal.
For the most part opioid withdrawal symptoms are not life-threatening but they can on occasion pose more immediate dangers to the health of an individual.
There are medications that are available to help wean someone off of opioids that contain a small amount of opioids in them.
Signs of addiction to opioids can include a loss of control with opioid usage, denial of usage, lack of responsibility in daily tasks, attempting to quit without success, and financial trouble.
Not everyone who uses periods will become addicted to them especially if they at used correctly but they can become very addicting if abused. People who are addicted to them will chance and their relationships will suffer. They are also at an increased risk for overdose. Opioid addiction is serious and needs to be treated right away before the individual addicted to opioids overdoses or completely destroys their life. There are many treatment options available and therapy options tat will help to get an addicted individual back on track and off of their opioid addict and dependence. It is important to recognize the signs and to be supportive rather than judgmental.